The 5 articles on physical fitness are the major and minor components of physical fitness, the definition of physical fitness, program development and the 5 myths of physical fitness.
They begin with a definition of physical fitness. What is it? Physical fitness is often split between general fitness and specific fitness or fitness for a specific sport or activity. Physical fitness for a specific activity or general health includes the right exercise, nutrition and rest. Each component is just as important as the others. Good exercise without the right fuel and your body won’t develop strong muscles. If you receive an inadequate amount of rest you will most likely develop a cold or contract a virus. Your body won’t be able to withstand the stress of an active exercise program without appropriate amounts of rest.
The 5 major components of physical fitness are muscular strength, muscular endurance, cardiovascular strength, body composition and flexibility. The minor components of physical fitness are balance, agility, coordination and reaction time. Each major and minor component address specific abilities of the body to perform aspects of a sport or of daily activity skills. We use each of these components in our daily living activities. Becoming stronger, with more endurance and balance makes performing activities such as climbing the stairs while carrying a child, gardening and walking the dog more pleasurable, easier and can be done with more grace.
A good physical fitness program will incorporate most components of both the major and minor aspects of physical fitness. A program must also incorporate the other 3 of the 5 articles on physical fitness.
Program development for 5 articles on physical fitness must include information for both the novice, beginner, couch potato and experienced athlete. Although you may have been a gold medallist in high school, if you have since become a weekend warrior you should start with a beginners program to ensure success and a lower risk of injury.
The fifth and final of the 5 articles of physical fitness are the 5 myths of physical fitness. These are most probably the most fun and can open your eyes to the possibilities available to you.
1. Exercise is only for the young. Not True! Exercise is good for people of any age, ability, gender or disability. It doesn’t matter who you are there is an exercise program that will benefit your circumstances.
2. No Pain, No Gain – Not True! When you push yourself to your limits you will feel discomfort in your muscles, a tightness, some degree of being tired. But, you should never feel real pain. Pain is the bodies mechanism for telling you there is something wrong. Stop, listen to your body and get the problem addressed.
3. Cupcakes and Candy Will Feed Your Body. Not True! We are definitely what we eat. Our bodies are made up of the building blocks we feed it. If you build your muscles on candy and cupcakes you can expect illness and poor performance.
4. Long Slow Exercise Burns More Fat Than High Intensity Exercise – Not True! Both burn within the same amount of fat within 10% of each other. The choice shouldn’t be related to how much fat to burn but how the exercise fits into your overall goals.
5. Exercise Can Be Considered Medication – True! Some people are so addicted to their programs that they will exercise no matter what their day, their schedule or the obstacles. Exercise will release endorphins that make you feel better, elevating your mood. Psychiatrists recommend exercise to their patients. Medical doctors recognize that exercise will reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke, high cholesterol, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Sleep Apnea – just to name a few. This is real medicine to cure what ails us … stress related disease.
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